Comparing combat styles in Dissidia Final Fantasy

Dissidia Final Fantasy (2015) is a battle game based of the hugely popular Final Fantasy series founded by Squaresoft (now Square Enix). The game features the 14 protagonists from each title (I-XIV), but noticeably absent from the arcade version are the playable villains of previous Dissidia releases.

Online videos so far reveal three-player combat teams and the ability to summon, similar to the RPG antecedents the game is based upon. Summon eidolons (Espers) include Ifrit, Shiva, Odin, Ramuh and Leviathan.

The franchise’s stable of characters was ahead of the curve in many ways. The Final Fantasy series was among the first role-playing games to include playable female main characters: Tina (Terra) Bradford (VI) and Lightning (XIII). The series also introduced us to Barret Wallace (VII), who features prominently in the new Final Fantasy VII Remake trailer. As leader of the rebel group Avalanche, Barret is one of the first – if not the first – black hero to be included within a role-playing game’s main caste.

The games contain many recurring themes such as deicide and elemental crystals (or orbs) maintaining the natural order in a precarious balance, and the immersive storylines often make use of in medias res narrative gameplay.

“Final” Fantasy is ironically titled given that back in the late 80s when the original release debuted on the 8-bit NES, “Square was going to go bankrupt and the designers believed that it would be the company’s swan song.” The bleak forecast turned out to be anything but the case, as a simple tale of four heroes on a quest to revive the world’s elemental crystals also breathed new life into a then-dwindling video game company. Today the series is undeniably the most popular RPG series in history; and with at least 20 titles to its credit, an expansive lore and a loyal fan base, the franchise looks to have a lengthy future ahead.

Flooded basements more common in Toronto’s west end

Between 2013 and June 2015, waste and ground water flooded 1,422 basements in Ward 11 (York South  – Weston) – the region hit the hardest across all of Toronto. The area is located west of Yonge Street, which is where the vast majority of flooding occurred according to data from the city of Toronto.

Closer to the downtown core the Danforth (Wards 29 and 30) and the Beaches (Wards 31 and 32) also had a high concentration of flooding. Ward 39, Scarborough – Agincourt, had the fewest flooded basements with only 99.

(Photo Credit: City of Toronto)

A number of factors underlie the problem:

  • Storm or ground water can seep into the home when there are cracks in the foundation, basement walls or basement windows. Poor lot grading or drainage, overflowing eaves troughs and leaking or plugged downspouts can also result in flooding.
  • Waste water can back up into the property through floor drains, toilets, sinks, showers and laundry fixtures located in the basement. A sewer backup can also result from a blocked connection between the home and the main sewer in the street or when the sewer system becomes overwhelmed with storm water.

And then there is Mother Nature: The powerful storm that targeted Toronto in July 2013 dumped an unprecedented volume of water in a short period of time, overwhelming the city’s drainage system and leading to a costly cleanup.

Between 2013 and 2014 a number of wards have significantly decreased the incidents of basement flooding: Wards 11 (York South – Weston), 2 (Etobicoke North) and 4 (Etobicoke Centre) cut the number of cases by more than half. The largest improvement was seen in Ward 3 (also Etobicoke Centre), which went from 802 in 2013 to 113 in 2014, a decrease of 86%.

The city of Toronto provides a Basement Flooding Protection Subsidy Program giving up to $3,400 to homeowners to install flood protection devices. Other preventative measures can be found here.

Countries leading the Pan American Games medal race


The first Pan American Games was held in Buenos Aires, Argentina in 1951. That year the host country topped the medal standings with 154 (68 gold, 47 silver, 39 bronze).

Every subsequent Games, with the exception of the 1991 Pan American Games in La Habana, Cuba, the US has dominated the medals race, including most recently at the 2011 Games in Guadalajara, Mexico.

Canada broke into the top 3 in 1963 with 62 medals (10 gold, 27 silver, 25 bronze) and has managed to maintain a place there ever since save for the last two Games in 2011 and 2007.

In 2011 Canada came 5th with 119 medals (30 gold, 40 silver, 49 bronze). That same year the US won 236; Brazil, 141; Cuba, 136; and Mexico, 133.

The Pan American Games features athletes from North, Central and South America, along with the Caribbean. Competition is governed by the Pan American Sports Organization (PASO) which is comprised of 42 member countries.

This year around 7,000 athletes will compete in 36 sports as Toronto hosts the 17th Pan American Games at a cost of $1.4 billion dollars.